When ink lands on your leather bag or couch, it may be difficult to remove because leather is a porous material. Ink can quickly absorb into the leather, making it hard to clean.
Whether from a pen leak or a careless swipe of a marker, mishaps happen, but fear not, getting rid of that unsightly ink is possible with the right approach.
Here we’ll talk about steps and some ways to remove ink from leather.
Step 1. Know Your Leather Type
Before attempting to remove an ink stain from your leather goods, you’d better identify the type of leather you’re dealing with. Different leathers react differently to cleaning products, and understanding your leather type helps you treat it safely.
Aniline leather is the most natural looking type of leather and has a distinctive, soft feel. It lacks a protective surface coating, making it particularly susceptible to staining and absorbing liquids.
Because it’s so absorbent, traditional cleaning methods can darken or discolor aniline leather, so use the mildest cleaning approach possible.
Semi-aniline leather is similar to aniline but with a thin protective coat, which helps it withstand spills and stains better than its purely aniline counterpart but still requires careful handling.
While it’s less absorbent, making ink removal slightly easier, you’ll still need to exercise caution to avoid damaging the finish or causing uneven coloration.
Pigmented or Protected
Pigmented or protected leather is the most durable type of leather. It has a surface coating that includes pigments, making it more resistant to stains and fading.
However, aggressive cleaning products or techniques can strip away the protective layer and reveal the raw leather underneath, which is much more sensitive to stains. Therefore, even with this type of leather, gentle methods should be employed.
Step 2. Test Your Leather (Use Alcohol Method for Example)
Before using any stain removal technique, perform a spot test to ensure it won’t cause damage. Wet a cotton swab or white cloth with rubbing alcohol, and test it on a small, hidden part of the leather, such as an inside seam.
The purpose of this is to observe whether the leather’s color changes or if there’s any damage to the surface.
Don’t use a colored cloth, as it might transfer dye to light-colored leather. Testing your chosen cleaner on a discreet area protects the look of your leather piece in the visible areas.
Step 3. Identify the Area
Whether you’re dealing with a large area of ink or a small spot can greatly influence your approach to cleaning leather. A large area may require more patience and a larger quantity of your chosen cleaning agent.
Smaller spots, on the other hand, may be easier to deal with but still require precision to prevent spreading the ink further.
When working on a large area, it’s best to work in small sections, progressively moving from one area to the next. In contrast, with smaller spots, targeting the exact location with minimal pressure and cleaning agent is crucial to avoid enlarging the stain.
Step 4. How to Remove Ink From Leather
Here are various methods you can use to tackle that pesky ink stain. But remember to always perform a spot test with your chosen method and to clean gently to avoid damaging the leather.
1. Use Alcohol
Rubbing alcohol is effective for ink removal because it can break down the oils in the ink, allowing the stain to dissolve without setting into the leather. To use this method, follow these steps:
- Wet a cotton ball or a white cloth with rubbing alcohol and lightly tap it on the ink stain on the leather.
- Be careful not to rub too hard, as this might spread the ink further or damage the leather’s surface.
- Continue to apply the alcohol sparingly, working your way around the stain, and frequently changing to a clean portion of the cloth to avoid re-depositing ink.
- Allow the area to dry completely, which may take around 20 to 30 minutes depending on ventilation and ambient temperature.
- If the stain lightens but doesn’t completely disappear, repeat the steps, but be careful not to over-saturate the leather, as too much moisture can be harmful.
2. Use a Toothbrush
A soft-bristled toothbrush can be used to gently lift ink from the leather’s surface:
- Dip the toothbrush into a solution of water and mild soap. Make sure the brush is lightly damp, not wet.
- With light, circular motions, scrub the stained area, applying minimal pressure.
- Scrub the area gently for a few minutes, then use a clean, damp cloth to wipe off any leftover soap.
- Let the leather dry naturally in the air. This may take 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the atmospheric conditions and the degree of dampness.
The toothbrush’s soft bristles can help agitate the surface just enough to loosen the ink without scratching or damaging the leather.
3. Use Vinegar
White vinegar can be effective due to its mild acidity:
- Mix one part white vinegar with two parts water.
- Dip a clean cloth into the solution and wring it out so it’s damp, not wet.
- Pat the affected area with the damp cloth, applying light pressure.
- After a few minutes, dry the area with another clean, dry cloth.
Vinegar’s acidity helps to dissolve the ink without damaging the leather as long as it’s used in a diluted form and not left to sit for too long on the leather surface.
4. Use Baking Soda and Water
Baking soda is known for its natural cleaning and absorbent properties, which make it suitable for lifting greasy ink stains:
- Make a paste by mixing a small amount of baking soda with water. Aim for a consistency that is spreadable but not overly liquid.
- Apply the paste gently onto the ink stain using a cloth or your fingers.
- Allow the mixture to sit on the stain for a few minutes to let the baking soda absorb the ink.
- Wipe off the paste with a clean, damp cloth, and then dry with a towel.
Baking soda works well because it acts as a mild abrasive and a soaking agent, helping to lift the stain without being harsh on the leather.
5. Use Mild Soap Solution
A mild soap solution can be useful for cleaning leather without causing damage:
- Mix a few drops of mild, dye-free liquid soap with water to create a sudsy solution.
- Dip a clean cloth into the foam and apply it directly to the stain.
- Clean the stain with gentle, circular motions.
- Wipe away the lather with a damp cloth, then pat dry with another clean cloth.
The mild soap will work to encapsulate the ink particles and lift them from the leather, all while being gentle enough to not harm the leather’s finish.
6. Use Hairspray
Hairspray contains alcohol and other chemicals that can break down ink:
- Spray a small amount of hairspray onto a cotton ball or cloth—never directly onto the leather.
- Gently dab at the ink stain with the cotton ball, being careful not to rub or spread the stain.
- After a short period, no more than a minute, wipe the area with a damp cloth to remove any hairspray residue.
- Dry the leather immediately with a clean towel.
It’s crucial to choose a hairspray that isn’t too strong or filled with additional conditioning agents, as these could further stain or deteriorate the leather.
7. Use Perfume Or Nail Polish Remover
Perfume or nail polish remover, containing acetone, can sometimes be used as a last resort:
- Dab a small amount onto a cotton ball or pad—not directly on the leather.
- Gently blot the stained area, being careful to not spread the ink further.
- Quickly wipe away with a clean, slightly damp cloth to prevent the acetone from drying out the leather.
- The process may take several applications, depending on the severity of the ink stain.
Note that acetone can be harsh on leather, so it should be used sparingly only after testing it on an inconspicuous area to ensure it doesn’t cause damage or discoloration.
Step 5. Air-Dry the Leather and Apply Leather Conditioner
After you’ve treated the ink stain, it’s essential to let the area air-dry completely before using or storing your leather item. Don’t be tempted to speed up the process with a hairdryer or placing it in the sun, as high heat can cause the leather to warp or crack. Once it’s dried:
- Apply a high-quality leather conditioner, which will not only moisturize but also help to seal and protect the leather from future stains and damage.
- Rub the conditioner in with a soft cloth, using gentle, circular motions.
- Allow the conditioner to penetrate the leather for as long as the product instructions suggest—usually several hours.
Conditioning not only restores suppleness to your leather but also adds an extra layer of protection, which can make future cleaning easier.
Additional Tips for Removing Ink Stains from Leather
- Act promptly: The sooner you address the ink stain, the better your chances of removing it without permanent damage. As you may know, the longer the ink sits on your leather, the harder it becomes to lift the stain.
- Work from the outside in: Start cleaning from the edges of the stain, moving toward the center to avoid spreading the ink to clean areas.
- Refrain from using too much water: Over-wetting the leather can lead to water stains and potential warping. Use just enough to clean.
- Use cotton swabs for precision: When dealing with smaller stains, cotton swabs can target the specific area without affecting the surrounding leather.
- Never soak the leather: Submerging your leather item in water can ruin the material. Always apply cleaning agents lightly and sparingly.
Caring for leather requires attention to detail and an understanding of the material. With your new knowledge of removing ink from leather, you’re equipped to keep your leather items in pristine condition, even when accidents happen.